Environmental factors

  • Sociodemographic factors of children, adolescents, parents, grandparents, and siblings
    • Age, gender, and ethnic background of children (Questionnaire)
    • Academic performance and motivation and plans for academic career of adolescents (Questionnaire)
    • Marital status, education, income, employment, and ethnic background of parents (Questionnaire)
    • Education of grandparents (Questionnaire)
    • Birth years of siblings (Questionnaire)
  • Lifestyle factors of parents
    • Physical activity, dietary factors, sleep behavior, smoking, and alcohol drinking (Questionnaire)
  • Health of parents
    • Body height, body weight, diseases, medications, oral health, and oral hygiene (Questionnaire) 
  • Wellbeing of parents
    • Physical, psychic, and social wellbeing (Medical Outcomes Study Questionnaire Short-Form 36 Health Survey)
  • Pain conditions of parents (Questionnaire)
  • Diseases of grandparents (Questionnaire)